IARD’s work is informed by scientific evidence on alcohol and health, including alcohol policy. By bringing together data and research on drinking patterns, alcohol in society, and regulations at a national level, IARD examines practices around policies and interventions that reduce harmful drinking. IARD’s tools and resources are intended to support stakeholders in formulating approaches that can be adapted to local needs and contexts.
The resources on this website are not intended as health advice to individuals about their drinking. People with specific questions about their drinking are encouraged to consult a healthcare professional. Together, they can determine what is best for that individual, based on individual risk factors, including family history, genetics, and lifestyle. For some people, the better choice may be to not drink at all.
Our health and policy resources are not intended to be exhaustive representations of all scientific research on a given subject and, as research is constantly evolving, they might not include the most recent findings. All IARD materials include a date of content review and they should be read in their entirety and not misrepresented or taken out of context.
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Infectious diseases are caused by a diverse group of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi. Some established risk factors for infectious diseases include individual factors and external factors. This Health Review focuses on infectious diseases associated with alcohol ...Read More
A visual summary of meta-analyses published between 2000 and 2023 on alcohol consumption and all-cause mortality according to whether former drinkers were separated from lifetime abstainers and whether a J-shaped curve (lower risk at low-to-moderate alcohol consumption) was found in ...Read More
Data on production, consumption, imports, and exports of beer and on cider consumption are provided by Global Data from over 200 countries and geographies from 2000 through 2021.Released: December 2022Read More
This Health Review focuses on cancer sites associated with alcohol consumption as identified by the World Cancer Research Foundation and the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Due to the limited availability of national cancer statistics in many countries, U.S. ...Read More
This table details drinking guidelines issued by government bodies regarding alcohol consumption by people attempting to become pregnant, who are pregnant, or are breastfeeding, in all countries for which IARD has been able to verify the information with the respective ...Read More
This table details recommendations for alcohol consumption (drinking guidelines) issued by government bodies in all countries for which IARD has been able to verify the information with the respective national authorities or through publicly accessible documents. Generally, these recommendations apply ...Read More
Consumption data are provided by the The IWSR. The data are organized by country or territory and beverage strength and listed annually from 2000 to 2021.Read More
This IARD trends report highlights new data from the World Health Organization (WHO) and member states, as well as gaps in the data, since the adoption of the Global Strategy to Reduce the Harmful Use of Alcohol in 2010.Read More
This table details legislation and regulations that define minimum age limits for purchase, sale, free supply, and consumption of alcohol beverages, and whether a method of verifying age is indicated, in all countries for which IARD has been able to ...Read More
This table details the health warning requirements – on labels, commercial communications, and at point of sale – that apply to alcohol beverages, in all countries for which IARD has been able to verify the information with the respective national ...Read More